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Awas Tentang Penggunaan "Malachite Green"

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Semasa menghadiri Bengkel Pengurusan Makanan pada bulan lepas, kami dimaklumkan oleh salah seorang fasilitator bahawa kedengaran segelintir penternak ikan keli menggunapakai Melasit Hijau "Malachite Green"bagi tujuan ternakan ikan keli terutama bagi meningkatkan kepadatan ikan keli dalam tangki ternakan dan menjadikan tahan penyakit. Bahan kimia tersebut telah lama di "ban" kerana bahaya nya kepada kesihatan manusia terutama penyebab kepada Kanser..

Atas keperihatinan tersebut, disini kami paparkan sebahagian beberapa artikel berkenaan perkara tersebut. Untuk mencari sendiri artikel di internet anda boleh menaip "ban of melachite green" pada ruangan search
From The London Evening Standard, 16th December 2002

The European Commission has said that if its inspectors continue to detect the carcinogenic substance in British salmon, it will take drastic action.

The threat comes after Government officials found that three per cent of farmed salmon contained residues of malachite green. The highly toxic chemical is used to protect salmon from fungal infections, but has been banned in Britain since June because it is both mutagenic and carcinogenic.

The Government says any residues found since June are not a breach of the law but are caused by salmon swimming in water which was polluted before the ban. However, both the EC and environmental groups argue that no residues should be found because the Government has been aware of the threat to health for up to a decade and was frequently warned that it was not authorised for use in Europe.

The British ban was only introduced after EC officials visited in April, and discovered malachite green in 20 per cent of farmed salmon.

Yesterday, the European Commission said Britain had "no time left" to sort out the problem.
If malachite green continued to be found in use, it would start infringement proceedings against Britain similar to those launched against the French when they refused to sell British beef.

A spokeswoman for David Byrne, the European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection, said they were tired of Britain failing to enforce the rules.

"Britain has no time left to sort this out," the spokeswoman said. "This substance should not have been around in the first place. If it continues to be used we will be forced to ban the export of salmon and start proceedings to fine Britain."

Environmental campaigners are furious that the Government allowed the health of consumers to be at risk. The US government banned malachite green in 1991 and the Department of Health is well aware of its dangers. But the cost of the chemical is 20 times less than other antifungal treatments, making it popular with many fish farmers.

Don Staniford, head of the Salmon Farm Protest Group (, believes consumers should avoid salmon products: "Shoppers should steer clear of cheap and nasty farmed salmon this Christmas," he said.

"With it contaminated with malachite green and a cocktail of other cancer-causing chemicals, consumers would get more than they bargained for."

Last night, the Food Standards Agency washed its hands of the issue.

However, the FSA has been concerned about the problem. An FSA statement in June read: Although we welcome the steps that have been taken we remain convinced this issue would have been sorted out much earlier if surveys had been carried out at a retail level and information provided so that consumers could see which products were likely to contain residues."

Last night, Defra said that the residue of malachite green could be found in water up to five years after it had stopped being used: "Since the ban in June, we have had four samples out of 119 salmon samples test positive. This does not mean the farmers were using it as it could be in the water from before the ban. We will prosecute anyone found breaking the law."
Source :

Canadian group issues warning about fish imported from Vietnam09/Dec/2005 newstarget.comDec 12, 2005 - 8:03:00 AM

The Consumer Association of Canada is urging the Canadian Food Inspection Agency to ban the import of Vietnamese fish found to be tainted with Malachite green, a fungicide suspected of causing cancer.
Fish imported from Vietnam and used commonly in Asian dishes have tested positive for a banned form of fungicide.
Malachite green, which some tests have shown to cause cancer, created serious consumer concerns in Hong Kong last summer when it was found in fish imported from China.
The fungicide is banned in imported fish, with zero tolerance for any sign of the industrial dye, used regularly until the early 1990s in hatcheries to treat fungal and parasitic infections on fish eggs, fish and shellfish and as a general disinfectant.
The Consumer Association of Canada is calling for the Canadian Food Inspection Agency to ban the import of farmed fish immediately as a result of the test findings.
"We're suggesting that until CFIA gets this sorted out in a way that will guarantee no MG gets into food sold here, that they ban it entirely," said Bruce Cran, president of the association.
Exposure to malachite green leads to temporary or non-life-threatening health consequences, according to Health Canada, and the probability of serious adverse consequences is considered remote.
Nonetheless, CFIA has increased its monitoring of imported aquaculture products from Vietnam and China after a small sample showed nearly 50% contained malachite green.
CFIA began testing for the chemical in 2002, and since the end of September has tested all farmed fish from those countries.
"We take anything that is a potential health risk seriously," said Stephen Stephen, the national manager of technical standards in the fish, seafood and production division of the agency.
Stephen said the agency would have put out an alert if Health Canada had informed the CFIA that MG poses a serious and immediate health risk.
Because the fish is sometimes sold frozen, Stephen said, the CFIA is attempting to contact suppliers and sellers to advise of the potential risk.
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